Geography / Map Population / Ethnics Climate History  Culture Education Customs / Habits Calendar / Time


Contact Us

Geography / Map

Country: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Capital: Hanoi

Geographic position: (land)

Longitude: from 102o09’ to 109o30’

East Latitude: from 8o10’ to 23o24’

North Area: 331,690 square km

The distance (as the crow flies) between the northernmost and southernmost points: 1,650 km.

The East-West distance: maximum: 600 km (in the North), 400 km (in the South) ; minimum: 50 km (in Quang Binh province, the Central Part).


57 provinces and 4 central cities (Hanoi, Hochiminh City, HaiPhong, Danang).

Geographic features:

Mountain and hill: Mountains and highlands occupy three fourth of the country’s area. The mountain systems stretch from the Northwest border to the east of the South Vietnam, with the total length of 1,400 kilometres.

The highest peak:  Phanxipan 3,143 metres.

Plains: the Red River delta: 15,000 km2

The Mekong delta: 40,000 km2

Major rivers: the total length of all rivers is 41,000 km with water flow approximately 300 billion cubic metres and 3,100 km of channels.

* The Red River is 1,149 km long, of which 510 km runs on Vietnamese territory.

* The Mekong River is 4,220 km long, of which 220 km runs on Vietnamese territory.


Road systems: 86,327 km (1995) ; Main distances:

Hanoi - Hochiminh city : 1,738 km

Hanoi - Dien Bien Phu : 474 km

Hanoi - Haiphong : 102 km

Hanoi - Hue : 654 km

Railway: 3,219 km (1995), includes 5 routes.

Airway: The Vietnam Airlines has 17 international routes and 16 domestic ones. 

The major airports are : Noi Bai (Hanoi), Tan Son Nhat (Hochiminh city), Danang, Phu Bai (Hue), Cat Bi (Haiphong), Dien Bien (Lai Chau), Vinh (Nghe An), Nha Trang, Can Tho ...

Top | Index

Copyright © 2007 The Embassy of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in the United Kingdom.